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In the year 632, after the demise of Muhammad a number of his companions who knew the Quran by heart were killed in a battle by Musaylimah, the first caliph Abu Bakr (d.634) decided to collect the book in one volume so that it could be preserved. 655) was the person to collect the Quran since "he used to write the Divine Inspiration for Allah's Apostle".The term mus'haf ('written work') is often used to refer to particular Quranic manuscripts but is also used in the Quran to identify earlier revealed books.Islamic tradition relates that Muhammad received his first revelation in the Cave of Hira during one of his isolated retreats to the mountains.The Quran is divided into chapters (surah in Arabic), which are then divided into verses (ayah).Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril), and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad.Quranic verse (ayah) is sometimes recited with a special kind of elocution reserved for this purpose, called tajwid.

which is traditionally interpreted as "illiterate," but the meaning is rather more complex.According to Welch, these seizures would have been seen by those around him as convincing evidence for the superhuman origin of Muhammad's inspirations.However, Muhammad's critics accused him of being a possessed man, a soothsayer or a magician since his experiences were similar to those claimed by such figures well known in ancient Arabia.However, the Quran did not exist in book form at the time of Muhammad's death in 632.Sahih al-Bukhari narrates Muhammad describing the revelations as, "Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell" and Aisha reported, "I saw the Prophet being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticed the sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was over)." The Islamic studies scholar Welch states in the Encyclopaedia of Islam that he believes the graphic descriptions of Muhammad's condition at these moments may be regarded as genuine, because he was severely disturbed after these revelations.Zayd's reaction to the task and the difficulties in collecting the Quranic material from parchments, palm-leaf stalks, thin stones and from men who knew it by heart is recorded in earlier narratives.


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